I noticed that these Logical Fallacies are the ones that are most abused. I also saw in the main website (Click here), that the image is for sale and yet I will give it for free. But I’m gonna rewrite the whole text first.
Strawman – Misrepresenting someone’s argument to make it easier to attack
False cause – Presuming that a real or perceived relationship between things means tha tone is the cause of the other.
Slipper slope – Asserting tha tif we allow A to happen, then Z will consequently happen too, there A should not happen.
Ad hominem – Attacking your opponent’s character or personal traits instead of engaging with their argument.
Special pleading – Moving the goal posts to create exceptions when a claim is shown to be false.
Loaded question – Asking a question that has an assumption build into it so that it can’t be answered without appearing guilty.
The Gambler’s fallacy – Believing that ‘runs’ occur to statistically independent phenomena such as roulette whell spins.
Bandwagon – Appealing to popularity or the fact that many people do something as an attempted form of validation.
Black-or-white – Where two alternative states are presented as the only possibilities, when in fact more possibilities exists.
Begging the question – A circulay argument in which the conclusion is included in the premise.
Appeal to authority – Using the opinion o position on an authority figure, or institution of authority, in place of an actual argument.
Composition/division – Assuming that what’s true about one part os something has to be applied to all, or other, parts of it.
Appeal to nature – Making the argument that because something is ‘natural’ it is therefore valid, justified, inevitable, or ideal.
Anecdotal – Using personal experience or an isolated example instead of a valid argument especially to dismiss statistics.
Appeal to emotion – Manipulating an emotional response in place of a valid or compeiling argument.
The fallcy fallacy – Presuming that because a claim has been poorly argued, or a fallacy has been made that is is necessarily wrong.
Tu quoque – Avoiding having to engage with criticism by turning it back on the accuser-answering criticism with criticism.
Personal incredibility – Saying that because one finds something difficult to understand that it;s therefore not true.
Burden of proof – Saying that the burden of proof lies not with person making the claim, but with someone else to disprove.
Ambiguity – Using double meanings or ambiguities of language to mislead or misinterpret the truth.
No true scotsman – Making what could be called an appeal to purity as a way to dismiss relevant criticisms or flaws of an argument.
Genetic – Judging something good or bad on the basis of where it comes from, or from whom it comes.
The texas sharpshooter – Cherry-picking data clusters to suit an argument, or finding a pattern to fit a presumption.
Middle ground – Saying that a compromise, or middle point, between two extremes is the truth.